Private Investigator Specialties

A surveillance camera recording someone walking up a staircase.
Private investigators offer multiple specialties. It is important to be familiar with these for us to know where to go when we need their services. This article is about the various private investigator specialties and their purposes. If you reside in Atlanta, Georgia, you can read all about Atlanta private investigators at e-Investigations International’s website for more relevant information.

Criminal Defense Investigators

The most common specialization type for PIs that we are all familiar with is criminal defense. Private investigators specializing in this field are in charge of locating the witnesses, interviewing police and potential witnesses, serving legal documents, and gathering and reviewing related evidence. They are allowed to have access to litigation material, court documents, trial reports, and photographs. Criminal defense investigators usually work for law firms and lawyers, and rarely operate their own independent firm.

Computer Forensics

In the modern world, everything is digital. Computer forensic investigators specialize in data recovery and analysis, and the evidence they uncover can be used in a court of law. They are experts in tracing computer system intrusions, and email and data recovery. To learn more about a career in this field, visit

Financial Investigators

For large companies and individuals to ensure the safety of their financial transactions, they hire financial investigators. Certified Public Accountants (CPA) usually tread this path. They look into financial profiles, investment records, and assets for the safety and success of the transactions to be done. The job of corporate investigators is somewhat similar, but they work in a single private company.

Their investigations are either internal or external to reveal problems in the workplace such as expense accounts, theft, or drug use. One example of their external investigation concerns billing statements from their suppliers. Insurance companies also hire detectives to gather evidence regarding suspicious claims. As we all know, some people fabricate stories to claim insurance compensations.

Divorce, Child Custody, Family Matters

Unfortunately, families don’t always last forever. Divorce rates are blasting past 50% and that can sometimes lead to nasty child custody battles and other family disputes. Due to these facts, there are also private investigators that we can hire to find reasonable grounds for divorce and child custody. Infidelity investigations can take place to verify spouses who are involve in extra marital affairs as well.

Skip Tracing

Missing person investigation is also an interesting aspect of being a private detective. Those who undertake this specialization track persons who have disappeared. People hire private investigators if the missing person has not been found by law enforcement officials.

Important: The scope of the private investigation profession is very broad. There are a great many more specialization options available than this article covers.


In most states, PIs must become licensed and generally work irregular hours because of the unavailability of their point persons in usual working hours. Because of their persistence, training, and expertise, our questions are answered and can be given solutions. By knowing the different specialties of private investigators, you will know whose expertise to count on when the need arises.